Sunday, January 20, 2013

Parents Should Supervise Children on Internet



How many of us know that internet’s users are growing rapidly? Today the internet is used by almost 2 million people in the world. “More than 80% of American youth, ages 12 to 17, use the Internet, and nearly half log on daily” (Nathalie Louge, 1). More parents should supervise their children on using internet.
First, while the internet can be a good medium of learning for children, they can involve in gambling world. Children have a natural curiosity in their lives which lead them to passionately explore the world. The internet seems to be a perfect medium for them to get knowledge because it is easy and fun. They can get much information by only using cell phone or nice computer instead of going to library. In addition to using internet, many people believe that the internet can be a precise medium to transfer knowledge to little boys and girls. “This virtual world of learning is an interactive medium which helps in teaching through pictures, words as well as aural medium” (riverforestlib.org). Since there are many popup windows that sometimes come to a website, therefore children can click on. It is because of the popup can be an offer of playing game. “With the growing use of the internet by children, there is an increase in online games” (Ruhi Khalid, 1). As a result, those innocent children can involve in gambling world by playing games.
Second, while the internet can increase social quotient of children, it wastes much of their time. By using internet, children can communicate with their friends and people around the world. It is because of internet provide many social networking websites which allow children to do conversation or to send email. “Some evidence suggests that Internet communication may be especially advantageous for shy, socially anxious, or marginalized youth, enabling them to practice social skills without the risks associated with face-to-face interactions” (Nathalie Louge, 1). However, children can get lost in by surfing in a long time on the internet. They will be easier to forget the real world and ignore anything around. “Referring to the HomeNetstudy, it was found that teenagers are much heavier Internet users than their parents” (sierrasource.com).
Third, while internet allows children to do homeschooling, many predators online are looking for them. “In the United States, home schooling is growing. Today, we see this rate moving rapidly, with between 1.3 and 1.7 million children in grades kindergarten to 12 being educated at home by a parent” (ezinearticles.com). Homeschooling is a good choice for children who live in isolated area. Instead of taking plenty of time to get the school, they can stay at home and get lesson.  However, shows children’s identity to all people who communicate with them on internet. Predators can take advantage of this opportunity by pretending to be a good friend for them. “Traditionally, both intrafamilial offenders and strangers have found that young children and teenagers are perfect targets for criminal acts because they are often trusting, naive, curious, adventuresome, and eager for attention and affection” (ojp.gov).
Last, while parents busy with their activities, children can be trapped in adult websites. In this modern era, both father and mother work in weekday. “In 2010, 82 percent of employed persons worked on an average weekday, compared with 35 percent on an average weekend day, the U.S.” (bls.gov). It means, most parents have a very little time to spend with their children. They do not know much what they children do and find during the day. “Adults living in households with children under 6 spent an average of 2.0 hours per day providing primary childcare to household children. Adults living in households where the youngest child was between the ages of 6 and 17 spent less than half as much time providing primary childcare to household children--47 minutes per day” (bls.gov). As a consequence, children have more time to spend in front of computer without being supervised by parents. It is very dangerous because they can access adult website freely. “In today’s day and age it is harder to keep a check on the websites, a child is visiting and therefore, a lot of children are now being exposed to obscene, sexual material online such as pornography” (Ruhi Khalid, 1). As a result, it may lead them to try free sex, either in present time or in the future. This is an alarm for parents if they do not want  their boys and girls have sexually transmitted disease.
In conclusion, more parents should supervise their children’s activities on internet. If they do, they will see their beloved children achieve their greatest hopes and dreams in the future.

 


References
“American Time Use Survey Summary.” 22 June 2011. 10 December 2011.
“Children as Targets of Internet Crimes—Who Is Vulnerable?.” 11 December 2011.
           
“E-learning for children.” River Forest Public Library. 10 December 2011.
< www.riverforestlib.org>
“Home Schooling over the Internet.” 10 December 2011.
“Is the Internet Affecting the Social Skills of Our Children?.” 1 December 1999. 10 December
2011.
Khalid, Ruhi. “The Negative Impact of Using the Internet.” 11 December 2011.
           
“15 facts on global Internet usage.” 10 December 2011. < www.hongkiat.com>


Tuesday, January 15, 2013

America and Indonesia Higher Education



Education is a vital part of a nation regardless whether it is in a remote area in Africa or in highly civilized society in Europe. The higher education in The United States of America grabs people attention in Indonesia because, at first glance, it looks different.
One tangible difference is the academic system. America is the leader in higher education in the world. Many American universities rank in top ten of the best universities in the world is an indispensable proof of how sophisticated the colleges are (http://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings/world-university-rankings/2011). One of sophisticated part of them is the academic system. Almost all of America universities use computer based classroom/curriculum management on carrying out the education. “It allows the professor to engage the students in topics and questions associated with the course by setting up a variety of discussion groups on-line within the class (Elisa Eland, 15). In contrast, Indonesia is a developing country which put education development among the top priorities. “Indonesian Government has realized since the last chapter of the First Long-Term Development Period (1989-1993) that education is the most important component in boosting all areas of national development” (http://www.unesco.org/education/wef/countryreports/indonesia/rapport_1.html).  However, its development has not reached all parts of the archipelago yet. Thus, not all universities in Indonesia use the computer and internet.
Despite of this difference, there are still several similarities in education of the two countries.
Both America and Indonesia have two kinds of university, public and Private University. “A public university is a university that is predominantly funded by public means through a national or sub national government” (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_university). Meanwhile private university is the opposite of public university which is not owned by government. Another similarity of these two democratic countries is the use of secular system in public university. In other word, higher public education in both countries is free of any creed or religion. It is reasonable because America and Indonesia are heterogeneous countries which have many different backgrounds of people who live together. However, “religious schools are permitted outside of the public school system” (Reader’s Choice, 103). Similar to Indonesia, it allows people to build religious school or universities in the country.
To sum up, both America and Indonesia have several differences and similarities in higher education. Will the difference become alike in the future? This will be an interesting thing to see.









References
Eland, Alisa. U.S. Classroom Culture: Washington D.C. NAFSA, 2009

Sunday, January 13, 2013

Banggalah Berbahasa Indonesia



Bahasa Indonesia merupakan bahasa resmi yang berlaku di Negara Republik Indonesia sebagaimana tersirat dalam Sumpah Pemuda 28 Oktober 1928. Keputusan para pendahulu bangsa untuk menjadikan Bahasa Indonesia sebagai bahasa persatuan pada saat itu sangatlah tepat. Terbukti, saat ini Bahasa Indonesia merupakan salah satu bahasa penting di dunia.
Situs warta digital Kompas merilis, Bahasa Indonesia dipelajari oleh 45 negara di dunia. Negara-negara yang mempelajarinya termasuk Amerika Serikat, Kanada, dan Australia. Bahkan terdapat sekitar 500 sekolah yang mempelajari Bahasa Indonesia di Australia.[1] Tak Cukup sampai disitu, Bahasa Indonesia juga memiliki catatan-catatan gemilang lainnya, seperti: Bahasa Indonesia merupakan bahasa resmi kedua di Kota Kota Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam;[2] Wikipedia Bahasa Indonesia menduduki peringkat ke-26 dari 250 dari seluruh Wikipedia berbahasa asing, atau peringkat ke-tiga di Asia;[3] Ditengah mendongkraknya posisi Bahasa Indonesia di mata negara asing, bagaimana di Indonesia sendiri?
            Ironis, mungkin itulah satu kata yang tepat untuk mewakili nasib tragis yang di alami Bahasa Indonesia di negeri ini. Hal itu terlihat jelas dari eksistensinya yang semakin hari semakin memudar di hati masyarakat. Dalam kehidupan sehari-hari, masyarakat lebih cenderung dan berbangga hati menggunakan Bahasa Indonesia yang tidak benar (Bahasa Gaul) dalam berinteraksi. Hal ini diperparah dengan gencarya ‘dukungan’ dari media massa dalam kampanye penggunaan bahasa loe gue ini. Buktinya, hampir semua acara di media elektronik, baik media televisi maupun radio, tidak menggunakan Bahasa Indonesia yang baik dan benar.
Media televisi dengan bangga menayangkan mayoritas acaranya dalam Bahasa Indonesia yang tidak benar. Kecuali siaran berita, Bahasa Indonesia yang baik dan benar hampir tidak ditemui dalam acara-acara unggulan masyarakat seperti sinetron, FTV dan Reality Show. Hal yang sama juga berjamuran di stasiun radio, baik stasiun radio pusat maupun daerah. Tragis, Bahasa Indonesia hanya digunakan oleh stasiun radio milik pemerintah  atau radio siaran berita saja. Sedangkan radio swasta hampir selalu menggunakan Bahasa Indonesia yang tidak benar dalam mengudarakan acara-acaranya. Ada kecenderungan pemikiran bahwa Bahasa Indonesia terkesan ‘norak’ dan tidak ‘marketable’ di mata media elektronik.
Tentu fenomena ini tidak bisa dibiarkan terjadi begitu saja. Untuk itu, perlu adanya upaya dan komitmen serius dari semua elemen bangsa dalam meningkatkan kebanggaan berbahasa Indonesia. Sudah waktunya pemerintah membuat aturan tegas terhadap media-media elektronik agar menggunakan Bahasa Indonesia dalam semua acaranya. Begitu juga dengan masyarakat, sudah seharusnya menjadikan Bahasa Indonesia sebagai bahasa kebanggaan dengan menuturkannya dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Dengan begitu, Bangsa Indonesia turut menganggap penting Bahasa Indonesia sebagaimana yang telah dilakukan oleh bangsa lain di dunia ini. Kalau bukan kita, siapa lagi? 


[1] www.kompas.com, Rabu, 29 Oktober 2008.
[2] www.kompas.com . Jumat, 12 Juni 2009
[3] http://www.antara.co.id. Selasa, 20 November 2007