Thursday, May 26, 2011

10 Places You Don’t Want To Live

The world is a giant jigsaw puzzle, spotted with both exquisitely beautiful and potentially dangerous places. While you may dream of spending a lifetime in some of the true paradises-on-earth, you should be equally wary of stepping up in some real hell spots for your own safety. But not everyone is fortunate enough to get a cozy and safe home and there are places on earth where people are actually living on the edge of peril.
Here are top 10 such nightmarish places on earth where you would never want to live:
Dharavi in Mumbai, India
The slums of Mumbai
The slums of Mumbai / Photo from sarahlane
Roughly half the residents of Bombay live in crowded slums such as these.
/ Photo from bwillen
Sprawling over 175 hectares between Mahim and Sion, Dharavi has emerged as the largest slum of Asia inhabiting a population exceeding 600,000. Dharavi has its rival in Orangi Town in Karachi, Pakistan that has a notorious filth and expanse. Dharavi presents a brighter picture as a cheap pocket in the midst of expensive Mumbai where you could stay for as low as 4 US dollars rent per month.
Dharavi, the most biggest slum of the world / Photo from sandrinecohen22
Dharavi is an abode for various small-scale industries like pottery, embroidered garments, leather and plastic goods. Unbelievably the total net income of the residents of Dharavi amounts to almost 650 million US dollars. But Dharavi is no paradise – its inadequate water supply and toilet facilities get worse during the monsoon floods and the unhygienic environment of Dharavi poses serious threats to public health issues.
Rocinha – Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil / Photo from Leonardo Martins
Rocinha - Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Photo from razorbern
The largest favela (basically meaning shanty town) in Rio De Janeiro. / Photo from -bos[s]-’
Situated between the São Conrado and Gávea districts of Rio de Janeiro, Rocinha meaning small ranch in Portuguese is the largest slum or “favela” in South America. Posed on a hillside within one kilometer of the beach, Rocinha originated as a shanty to transform quickly into a modern slum neighborhood. You will find it better off than many shanties because of its brick buildings, sanitation, plumbing and other urban facilities.
Favela, Rio de Janeiro
Favela, Rio de Janeiro / Photo from dreamindly
What makes Rocinha a potentially dangerous place to live is the prevalence of a violent drug trade. This leads to endless tussles and encounters between the drug peddlers and the police, giving rise to a dangerous ambiance. The population of 100,000 has a poor economic state and high mortality rates. What is more, Rocinha being built on steep mountain slope is susceptible to landslides, rock falls and floods.
Kibera in Nairobi, Kenya
Kibera Slums
1,000,000 residents live on a mountain of Garbage. / Photo from Chicago Wedding Photographer, Wes Craft
Kibera, meaning ‘forest’ in Nubian is the home for a million people, which earned notoriety for being the biggest slum in the whole of Africa. Most of the population here are tenants with no rights living in mud-walled shacks owned by landlords who have vacated Kibera. Most of the population is African Muslims, who huddle up eight per shack, often sleeping on the floors.
Kibera in Nairobi, Kenya
Photo from alongtheway
Just 20% of Kibera has electricity and no regular supply of clean water. The dam water that people use is the root to cholera and typhoid, aggravated by poor sewage condition. There is widespread menace of AIDS and the total absence of government medical facilities. What worsens the general livelihood of Kibera is the availability of a cheap alcoholic drink called ‘Changaa’.
Faced with rampant unemployment, most of the slum-dwellers resort to Changaa early in life and grow into criminals, drunkards and rapists. The problem is aggravated by the availability of cheap drugs and tendencies of glue sniffing. The result is the rising rate of unwanted pregnancy among girls of all ages who invariably turn to abortion. Some charities and churches are working towards the betterment of the condition.
Linfen, China
Linfen, China
Pollution / Photo from sheilaz413
Located right at the center of Shanxi Province of China’s coal region, Linfen is one of the most polluted cities in the world. The air is thick with dust and smoke to a degree that hampers visibility. The three million people who live in Linfen take regular doses of arsenic rich water, further polluted with fossil fuels and poisonous gases through the air they breathe. You can actually catch a lasting stink when you step in Linfen with overflowing sewage everywhere.
Young coal worker in Linfen (Shanxi, China) / Photo from andi808
The river flowing by Linfen has its water thickened with oil. No wonder! The inhabitants using this water have high occurrences of cancer. When you look at the trees around the Linfen factories, they present a sad withered picture. It is the last place on earth that you would think of sending someone, even your worst enemy.
Kabwe, Zambia
Kabwe, Zambia
Photograph by Blacksmith Institute / Photo from nationalgeographic.com
The lead and cadmium accumulations in this former British colony have skyrocketed since their discovery in 1902 when Zambia was valued for a rich lead mine. Although the mines have closed and no smelters are operational now, Kabwe residents have faced the threat of lead poisoning through decades. Blood tests in the children have revealed lead concentrations exceeding 5-10 times the normal limit that could turn fatal any day. Only recently, the World Bank has allotted funds for tackling the problem.
Kabwe, Zambia
Photo from livescience.com
Chernobyl, Ukraine
Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant
Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant / Photo from Ken and Nyetta
Radiated Apartment Building
Radiated Apartment Building / Photo from Stuck in Customs
Talking of life-threatening pollution and poisoning, nothing could beat the nuclear reactor accident record set by Chernobyl that has left about 5.5 million people facing the threat of thyroid cancer. The fallout that occurred in April 26, 1986 has led to the leakage of nuclear radiation 100 times more pronounced in volume and effect than that of the Hiroshima and Nagasaki explosions. It is a horror that thousands of Russian, Ukrainian and Belarusian children living close to the damaged plant still cannot escape the radiation impact.
Inside the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone
This used to be the public gym, back in 1986. / Photo from philippe simpson
Dzerzhinsk, Russia
Dzerzhinsk - Дзержинск
Dzerzhinsk / Photo from Oleg aka Xtraboy
Situated beside the Oka River in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast of Russia, Dzerzhinsk is named after the Russian leader Feliks Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky. Right From its inception, Dzerzhinsk has remained a chemical industry hub and has been producing chemical weapons for Russia. It has been labeled one of the worst polluted cities of the world with a staggering death rate.
A Year-Old Photographer: October...
Skyline of Dzerzhinsk / Photo from Spendruleziya
In Dzerzhinsk, the average life of men is just 42 years and women 47 years. Environmentalists attribute such high mortality rate to the ceaseless production of organic chemicals like toxic dioxins, hydrogen cyanide, lead and sulfur mustard. The phenol and dioxin contents in the Dzerzhinsk waters surpasses the normal limit by seventeen million times.
Cubatão – São Paulo, Brazil
Cubatão
Cubatão / Photo from Alceu Bap
The city of Cubatão extending over 142 square kilometers is more appropriately known as the ‘Valley of Death’ for its precarious living conditions. It has a high air pollution level that has led to the destruction of forests over the surrounding hills and birth of children with congenital organ defects.
Cubatão
sticker mundo / Photo from caio antunes
The life threatening pollution took a new dimension in 1984 when an event of oil spill burnt down the town, killing almost 200 people. Only recently extensive steps worth $1.2 billion are being taken to improve the damages caused by organic pollutants. Despite such measures, it is quite impossible to clean the soil and underground water from the spreading tentacles of pollution thus making Cubatão unfit for staying.
Bassac Apartments, Cambodia
One of the architectural jewels of Cambodia, the innovative apartment complex designed in the early 1960s by Lu Ban Hap
One of the architectural jewels of Cambodia, the innovative apartment complex designed in the early 1960s by Lu Ban Hap / Photo from Rich Garella
Tonle Bassac development
Photo from jinja_cambodia
The 300-metre-long Basaac Apartments were built due to the town planning director Lu Ban Hap’s initiative to put up a low-cost social housing project in the 1960s. However, this government-financed housing project has been the home to 2,500 refugees since 1979, when its legal tenants vacated the property because of the onset of decay. The structure made of concrete and brick has now given way to dangerous gaps in between the reinforced concrete walls marked by the ingrowths of parasitic plants. The building can collapse any time burying alive its 2500 residents.
Mogadishu, Somalia
A rusty and bullet-ridden Coca Cola sign gives a telling welcome for visitors to the volatile city of Mogadishu.
A rusty and bullet-ridden Coca Cola sign gives a telling welcome for visitors to the volatile city of Mogadishu. / Photo from khairi_us
Pictures from an armed convoy trip in Mogadishu / Photo from ctsnow
Mogadishu, an advanced former port has been witnessing the 17-year tussle between rival military camps since the fall of the government in 1991. It turned into the most chaotic and anarchic city of the world, marked by civil unrest and insurgencies. Such disturbances caused its original inhabitants to flee, leaving Mogadishu to be controlled by military factions. Only recently, a new federal government has taken up the reins of control and is trying to re-establish law and order.
Somalia

http://www.hottnez.com/10-places-you-dont-want-to-live/#1111

The World’s Most Mysterious Places!













































http://smilepanic.com/the-worlds-most-mysterious-places#1

ASI vs Susu Formula

Kita sering mendengar kampanye agar tiap ibu yang baru melahirkan memberikan ASI pada sang buah hati, bahkan sebisa mungkin ASI eksklusif, yaitu ASI tanpa makanan lain pendamping ASI selama setidaknya 6 bulan pertama usia bayi.

ASI memang makanan yang paling cocok untuk bayi manusia, demikian pula halnya dengan susu sapi, tentunya paling cocok untuk bayi sapi, dan bukan bayi manusia. Untuk lebih meyakinkan, berikut beberapa keunggulan ASI dibanding dengan susu formula.



SUMBER GIZI SEMPURNA

ASI
Mengandung zat gizi berkualitas tinggi yang berguna untuk pertumbuhan dan perkembangan kecerdasan bayi. Antara lain, faktor pembentuk sel-sel otak, terutama DHA, dalam kadar tinggi.

ASI juga mengandung Whey (protein utama dari susu yang berbentuk cair) lebih banyak daripada Casein (protein utama dari susu yang berbentuk gumpalan) dengan perbandingan 65:35. Komposisi ini menyebabkan protein ASI lebih mudah diserap oleh tubuh bayi.

Susu formula
Tidak seluruh zat gizi yang terkandung di dalamnya dapat diserap oleh tubuh bayi. Misalnya, protein susu sapi tidak mudah diserap karena mengandung lebih banyak casein. Perbandingan whey dan casein dalam susu sapi adalah 20:80.


Spoiler for Chemical composition of human milk compared with milk from various species:
Quote:
MUDAH DICERNA


ASI
Pembentukan enzim pencernaan bayi baru sempurna pada usia kurang dari 5 bulan. ASI mudah dicerna bayi karena mengandung enzim-enzim yang dapat membantu proses pencernaan.

Susu formula
Lebih sulit dicerna karena tidak mengandung enzim pencernaan. Akibatnya, lebih banyak sisa pencernaan yang dihasilkan dari proses metabolisme (proses pembakaran zat-zat di dalam tubuh menjadi energi, sel-sel baru, dan lain-lain) yang membuat ginjal bayi harus bekerja keras.


Quote:
Spoiler for Kolostrum:


KOMPOSISI SESUAI KEBUTUHAN


ASI
Komposisi zat gizi ASI sejak hari pertama menyusui biasanya berubah dari hari ke hari. Misalnya KOLOSTRUM (cairan bening berwarna kekuningan yang biasanya keluar pada awal kelahiran) terbukti mempunyai kadar protein yang lebih tinggi, serta kadar lemak dan Laktosa (gula susu) yang lebih rendah dibandingkan ASI mature (ASI yang keluar hari ke-10 setelah melahirkan).

Kandungan kolostrum yang seperti ini akan membantu sistem pencernaan bayi baru lahir yang memang belum berfungsi optimal. Selain itu komposisi ASI pada saat mulai menyusui (Fore Milk) berbeda dengan komposisi pada akhir menyusui (Hind Milk).

Kandungan protein Fore Milk (berwarna bening dan encer) tinggi, tetapi kandungan lemaknya rendah bila dibandingkan dengan Hind Milk (berwarna putih dan kental). Makanya, jangan terlalu cepat memindahkan bayi untuk menyusu pada yang lain, bila ASI pada payudara yang sedang diisapnya belum habis.

Susu formula
Komposisi zat gizinya selalu sama untuk setiap kali minum (sesuai aturan pakai).




Fore Milk & Hind Milk
Quote:
.


MENGANDUNG ZAT PELINDUNG


ASI
Mengandung banyak zat pelindung, antara lain immunoglobulin dan sel-sel darah putih hidup. Selain itu, ASI mengandung faktor bifidus. Zat ini penting untuk merangsang pertumbuhan bakteri Lactobacillus bifidus yang membantu melindungi usus bayi dari peradangan atau penyakit yang ditimbulkan oleh infeki beberapa jenis bakteri merugikan, seperti keluarga coli.

Susu formula
Hanya sedikit mengandung IMMUNOGLOBULIN, dan sebagian besar merupakan jenis yang "salah" (tidak dibutuhkan oleh tubuh bayi). Selain itu, tidak mengandung sel-sel darah putih dan sel-sel lain dalam keadaan hidup.
Quote:
Spoiler for dengan ASI, bayi bisa mencicipi rasa ini semua:

CITA RASA BERVARIASI


ASI
Cita rasa ASI bervariasi sesuai dengan jenis senyawa atau zat yang terkandung di dalam makanan dan minuman yang dikonsumsi ibu.

Susu formula
Bercita rasa sama, dari waktu ke waktu.
Quote:
ASI eksklusif adalah pemberian Air Susu Ibu (ASI) tanpa makanan tambahan lain pada bayi berumur 0-6 bulan.

Jikalau pun mampu, hingga usia bayi 2 tahun akan lebih baik.

Ibu yang sedang menyusui sangat disarankan untuk menjaga pola makannya. Artinya, jangan sampai kurang gizi dan harus bergizi. Selain itu, makanan dengan citarasa yang kuat seperti asam atau pedas juga sebaiknya dihindarkan dulu.


Quote:


Spoiler for iklan dari UNICEF lainnya:


Spoiler for iklan dari UNICEF:
Spoiler for iklan dari UNICEF:

Spoiler for statistik pemberian ASI di beberapa belahan dunia:




Ref Link
Download file Excel
Spoiler for Daya tahan penyimpanan ASI:
Quote:
para orang-tua, sebaiknya memberikan yg terbaik saja buat konsumsi bayi2nya, yakni ASI. adakah buat bayi yg lebih baik daripada ASI?
http://www.kaskus.us/showthread.php?t=8366468